Visiting Palermo, part 1

by | places of interest

The opinions about Palermo, the capital of Sicily and the fourth city of Italy, vary quite a bit: many people think that this Sicilian port city is fantastic, while others think Palermo is nothing special. Our experience is that in many cases those in the second group have visited the city unprepared, so they didn’t know which places of interest to visit or where those are located. It’s very easy to miss the beautiful sights in Palermo, often because the signposting is not optimal, but also because various places of interest are located (just) outside the center or the main/famous streets. Palermo is a big city, so you’ll need at least 4 days to visit all sights. If you’re visiting Palermo in one day, you will have to make choices. The goal of this blog post and the three other parts that will follow is to help you decide what you’d like to see in this beautiful city.

You’ve probably already concluded that we belong to the group that thinks Palermo is fantastic. We could write a whole book about this wonderfully chaotic but atmospheric city. On this page we start our photo tour through Palermo. Enjoy!

Palermo seen from Monte Pellegrino
Palermo was once also the capital of the Norman kingdom, but experienced its peak in the period before, during the Arab rule. In addition to Norman and Arabian buildings, you’ll also find various baroque gems in Palermo, a wonderful blend of architectural styles and periods!

The Palazzo reale (or Palazzo dei Normanni), the royal palace, was built by the Arabs and a century later, in the 12th century, rebuilt by the Normans, when Roger II went to live there.

The Palazzo dei Normanni, also known as the Palazzo reale, in Palermo
The atrium of the Palazzo Reale
There is a beautiful chapel from the Norman period in the palace, the Cappella Palatina. It took eight years to build the royal chapel and the result is impressive:
The Cappella Palatina in the Norman palace in Palermo
The San Giovanni degli Eremiti church is located near the royal palace. This church was made by Arab and Norman artisans on behalf of Roger II. The church is special because of the square shape and the red domes, both clear Arabic characteristics. The church also has a garden in which you will find the remains of a monastery.
The red domes of the San Giovanni degli Eremiti church
In the garden of the San Giovanni degli Eremiti church
The cloister with double columns
The cloister with the tower of the church in the background
The San Giovanni degli Eremiti church with garden and the remains of the monastery, with the royal palace in the background
If you walk back to the Palazzo dei Normanni and walk around it, keeping the palace on your right, you will arrive at the Porta Nuova, built in 1535.
The Porta Nuova in Palermo
A detail of the Porta Nuova in Palermo
When you walk through the gate, you will see the Villa Bonanno garden on the right-hand side and a fountain in honor of Philip V, the Teatro Marmoreo.
The Teatro Marmoreo in honor of Philip V in the Villa Bonanno on the Piazza della Vittoria, behind the royal palace
Follow the Corso Vittorio Emanuele along the park and after a few hundred meters on your left you will see the impressive cathedral of Palermo. The cattedrale was built at the end of the 12th century, but has since been rebuilt and expanded several times, creating an interesting mix of various architectural styles.
The cathedral of Palermo
The 12th century Norman bell tower
The beautifully preserved apse of the Cathedral of Palermo
The 15th century portal and the Norman towers
The interior of the Cathedral of Palermo is not as impressive as that of the Cathedral of Monreale and looks, certainly in comparison with the splendor of the duomo in Monreale, fairly austere.
Inside the impressive cathedral
The fresco in the apse of the cathedral
The Cappella di Santa Rosalia, the patron saint of Palermo
A fresco in the cathedral of Palermo
There are various sarcophagi from different periods in the basement of the cathedral. The oldest sarcophagus is a simple rectangular box, but the ones of a later period are elaborate sculptures…
A sarcophagus in the basement of the cathedral
One of the most detailed sarcophagi in the Cathedral of Palermo.
In addition to these sarcophagi, the cathedral also houses the sarcophagi of the kings of Sicily, Roger II and Federico II. These are located in a separate chapel (when you enter the cathedral, on the left).
The cathedral of Palermo in the evening light
We’ll continue our tour through the beautiful city of Palermo in part 2. In the meantime, check out our holiday accommodations!

Arrivederci in Sicilia!

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Our website is already packed with information about sunny Sicily, but we still have more tips, information and photos, which you will find on this blog.

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Arrivederci in Sicilia!

Laura & Martijn
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